Loss transfer provisions of the Fault Determination Rules apply to vehicles in motion even if the collision involves a vehicle that was not in motion.
Kingsway General Insurance Co. v. Dominion of Canada General Insurance Co.,  O.J. No. 391, 2017 ONSC 498, Ontario Superior Court of Justice, January 27, 2017, R. Charney J.
The court heard an appeal from the decision of an arbitrator under the Fault Determination Rules which provide for loss transfer between insurers under Ontario’s no‑fault accident benefit system.
The case involved a four-vehicle collision on the Gardiner Expressway in Toronto. One of the vehicles was not in motion when the collision occurred and therefore it was argued the loss transfer provisions of the Fault Determination Rules, which provide for loss transfer between vehicles that directly collide but not otherwise, did not apply. The arbitrator agreed and decided the apportionment of fault and indemnification based on ordinary rules of tort law.
The court found that as among the three vehicles that were in motion when the collision occurred, the Fault Determination Rules ought to have been applied and as such there was no loss transfer recovery between the two vehicles which did not directly collide.
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